Nigeria, often referred to as the “Giant of Africa,” is facing challenges in energy production and consumption. The country heavily relies on fossil fuels, such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas, which have led to adverse effects on the climate, including floods, pollution, and erosion. In an effort to mitigate these issues, Nigeria made a commitment to carbon neutrality by 2060 at the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) in 2021.
To achieve net-zero carbon emissions, Nigeria developed the Nigeria Energy Transmission Plan (ETP) and enacted the Nigeria Climate Change Act 2021. This commitment was reiterated at COP27 and in the National Council on Climate Change (NCCC) Regulatory Guidance released in June 2023.
Energy transition refers to the global shift from fossil fuel-based energy sources to renewable and sustainable alternatives like hydro, wind, biomass, solar, and thermal energy. The primary objective of energy transition is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, mitigate climate change, and achieve a more sustainable energy system. Embracing energy transition in Nigeria offers benefits such as environmental protection, energy security, job creation, and easy access to energy.
The relevant laws affecting energy transition in Nigeria include the Nigeria Climate Change Act 2021, Energy Transition Plan (ETP), and Electricity Act 2023. The National Council on Climate Change (NCC) regulates energy transition in Nigeria and oversees the implementation of provisions outlined in the Climate Change Act. Other governmental authorities involved in the regulation of the renewable energy sector include Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC), Federal Ministry of Power, Federal Ministry of Water Resources, Federal Ministry of Environment, Nigerian Bulk Electricity Trading Plc, and Transmission Company of Nigeria.
There are numerous investment opportunities in Nigeria’s energy transition. The country requires an estimated annual investment of $10 billion to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. The investment portfolio includes opportunities in generation, transmission and distribution, metering, gas commercialization, clean cooking, e-mobility, and more. Projects like the Solar Power Naija initiative aim to install 5 million solar home systems in rural and underserved urban areas. The Energy Transition & Access Facility for Africa (ETAFA) facilitates the allocation of $50 million towards distributed renewable energy projects in Nigeria.
In conclusion, Nigeria’s commitment to renewable energy and energy transition is a crucial step towards a sustainable future. Embracing cleaner energy sources not only addresses environmental concerns but also enhances energy security, creates job opportunities, and improves access to electricity for rural communities.
The article also includes a glossary of terms related to the carbon credit market, providing definitions for terms like greenhouse gas, net zero, deforestation, carbon credit, cap-and-trade, emission allowance, carbon offset, additionality, Verified Carbon Standard (VCS), and Gold Standard.