Scientists in South Africa are planning to build capacity in the fields of ocean, terrestrial and atmospheric carbon observation in order to accurately track greenhouse gas emissions. The scientists aim to establish a “gold standard of carbon observation” in three to five years, according to Pedro Monteiro, a professor at Stellenbosch University’s School for Climate Studies. Scientists in the field were already engaged in significant work, but the workshop in Pretoria, hosted by the National Research Foundation (NRF), sought to encourage further collaboration in order to develop a regional system for the measurement and tracking of emissions. Techniques including machine learning will be used to allow measurements from a few locations to reconstruct 20 to 30 year maps of regional carbon variability. The scientists involved hope to establish a system that is greater than the sum of its parts.
It is important that carbon credit schemes also benefit local communities.
The World Meteorological Organisation has stated that 193 countries have given unanimous backing to a scheme to monitor global greenhouse...